In the preamble to the draft convention, both governments reaffirm their commitment to the protection of refugees, as set out in the 1951 Geneva Convention, the 1967 Protocol and the Convention against Torture. They also refer to the “generous” refugee protection systems proposed by the two countries and their shared commitment to “the idea that cooperation and burden-sharing can be improved with regard to refugee claimants.” The preamble states the “strengthening of the integrity of this institution [of international refugee protection] and the public assistance on which it depends” and “promoting the orderly processing of asylum claims” by providing for “access to full and equitable treatment of refugee status as a means of ensuring the effective granting of the protection of the Convention, Protocol and Convention on Torture.” The main thesis of the agreement is that officials from the country of the last presence (the country where the refugee left the country immediately before applying for refugee status at a land border port) verify the refugee status of an applicant arriving at a border crossing. Applicants to canada must prove that they have a justified fear of persecution in their home country. There is no basis in Canadian immigration law for a third-country citizen to ask Canada to protect them from discrimination in the United States. If the agreement on the security of third-country nationals were suspended, individuals could apply for refugees at border ports in a safe and orderly manner. Refugees who are resettled are designated by the Canadian government as refugees while they are still outside of Canada in a third country. They are subjected to immigration processing before travelling to Canada and become permanent residents as soon as they arrive. They are supported in their establishment in Canada for the first year either by the government (Government Assisted Refugees) or by private sponsors (privately sponsored refugees). Resettlement is a discretionary measure of Canada on a humanitarian basis. Since 1989, Canadian law has made the denial of asylum seekers because of “safe third country” reasons, but the provision has never been invoked. In the mid-1990s, the governments of the United States and Canada came up with an agreement that is currently on the table, but negotiations were halted before it could be concluded.