The profit or loss of the position on the account fluctuates as the futures contract price changes. If the loss becomes too large, the broker will ask the trader to deposit more money to cover the loss. This is called the edge of maintenance. The definition of the date of issue is the date on which a company issues a contract or contract, e.g.B. an insurance policy.3 min read Many other types of futures contracts run on different dates, depending on the exchange that processes the contracts. Respect the expiry date of the specific contract you are acting on; it is indicated in the language of the contract. Here is the general rule on start dates: the duration of a contract begins on the date of the contract`s validity. Unless otherwise stated in the contract, the validity date is normally the date of execution – the date on which the contract is signed. If you sign different parties on different dates, the contract will take effect on the date signed by the last contracting party. In the financial field, a futures contract (sometimes called futures contracts) is a standardized legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at some point in the future between parties who are not known to each other. Traded assets are usually commodities or financial instruments. The predetermined price for which the parties buy and sell the asset is called forward price.
The time indicated in the future, i.e. the date of delivery and payment, is called the delivery date. Because it is an underlying function, a futures contract is a derivative. Futures and futures refer to the same thing. For example, you could hear someone say that they bought oil futures, which means the same thing as an oil futures contract. When someone says “futures,” it usually refers to a particular type of future, such as oil, gold, bonds or index futures. Futures are also one of the most direct ways to invest in oil. The term “futures” is more general and is often used to source from the entire market, such as “You are a futures trader.” Given the volatility of oil prices, the market price at this stage could be very different from the current price.
If the oil producer thinks the oil will be higher in a year, they can choose not to ask for a price now. But if they think $75 is a good price, they could jail a guaranteed selling price by entering into a futures contract. In many cases, options are traded over futures, sometimes simply as “future options.” A put is the option to sell a futures contract, and a call is the option to buy a futures contract. For both, the option strike price is the indicated forward price, at which the future is negotiated when the option is exercised. Futures are commonly used because they are Delta One instruments. Calls and forward options can be evaluated in the same way as for assets traded with an extension of the Black Scholes formula, the Black model. In the case of forward options for which the premium is only due when it is running, positions are commonly referred to as “Fution” because they behave like options, but stand out as futures. In addition, a contract is considered valid only if all the necessary parties sign it. If z.B. the lease deadline is September 1, but today is September 3 and the necessary parties have not signed the contract, it is invalid. The situation in which the price of a product for future delivery is higher than the expected spot price is called Contango. Markets are considered normal when futures prices are higher than the current spot price and far-flung futures contracts exceed near-programmed futures.
Conversely, the price of a product for future delivery is lower than the expected spot price as a downward movement. Similarly, markets are referred to as being reversed when futures prices are below the current spot price and futures are less than near-programmed futures.